Russian Grammar 103 – Plural

Let’s see now how to create the plural form in Russian.

For masculine nouns:

if the word ends with a consonant, (unless the previous consonant is Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ in which case it is necessary to  add “и”) add “ы”.
Replace “й” with “и”
Replace “ь” with “и”


Example:

банан  / бананы – banana / bananas
Нож / ножи – knife / knives
Конь / кони – horse / horses.

For feminine nouns:

replace “я” with “и”,
replace “ь” with “и”,
replace “а” with “ы” (unless the previous consonant is Г, К, Х, Ж, Ч, Ш, Щ, in which case it is necessary to replace them with “и”).

Examples:

Нога / ноги – leg / legs
Кошка / кошки – cat / cats
Ночь / ночи – night / nights.

For neuter nouns:

replace “о” with “а”,
replace “е” with “я”

Examples:

Здание / здания – building / buildings
Окно / окна – window / windows.

Exceptions:

яблоко / яблоки – apple / apples

Attention: деньги – money, and очки – glasses, have only plural form.

EXERCISE: 103 Plural | NEXT: 104 Cases